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Hay fever

reaction; histamine; antibody; allergen; allergy; itch; hives; skin; rash; hay; pollen; itch; hive; antihistamine; wheeze ;


Hay fever is an allergic reaction, which makes you feel miserable, and some people suffer it at the same time each year.

  • Your nose is running.
  • Your eyes itch and look like they're crying.
  • Your throat feels blocked.
  • Your voice sounds froggy.
  • You may cough a lot if there is fluid running down the back of your throat.
  • You have a headache
  • You may have an asthma attack.

What causes hay fever?

  • hay feverAllergens such as pollen from weeds, grass or trees.
  • Dust and dust mites.
  • Animal fur and skin flakes (dander).
  • Moulds - which can grow in damp places (or sandwiches left in schoolbags!)
  • Cigarette smoke.
  • Strong scents from flowers, perfume or cleaning products

What you can do

  • You can be a detective and see if you can work out what could be causing your hay fever.
  • Keep away from whatever is triggering your hay fever. You may need to stay inside as much as you can at some times of the year, or stay away from cats, or have special covers on your bed.
  • you may have asthmaYou may need to use antihistamine (anti-hiss-ta-meen) sprays or tablets which mum or dad can get from the doctor or chemist.
  • You may need to be tested by a doctor to find out what is causing the hay fever/allergy.
  • You may need to see your doctor to talk about whether you have asthma.
  • You can keep your bedroom clean by vacuuming and dusting, and keeping things in cupboards so they don't get dusty.
  • You can splash your eyes with water to wash away pollen.
  • Stop pollen getting stuck in the hairs inside your nose by smearing inside your nostrils with petroleum jelly.

Dr Kate says:

Dr Kate

If you are getting hay fever a lot it is a good idea to see your doctor, as there are several medicines which can make a difference.

 You may have an allergy test to find out what you need to avoid.

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We've provided this information to help you to understand important things about staying healthy and happy. However, if you feel sick or unhappy, it is important to tell your mum or dad, a teacher or another grown-up.


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