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Tattoos

tattoo; body art; symbols; criminals; culture; STIs; infection; sun';

Contents

In Western culture tattoos are often seen as something associated with people on the edge of society. Since the early 90s, however, tattooing became more common and socially acceptable in Australia.

Although more people these days seem to have tattoos, getting one still carries some risks.

tattoos

Note: In South Australia it is an offence for young people under the age of 18 years to be tattooed, except if it is done for a medical reason by a doctor or someone supervised by a doctor.

History

Tattooing has been around for nearly as long as humans have been around. An early example was found on a frozen body that was 9000 years old! Tattooing has become a part of the culture of almost all societies.

Early Christians used tattoos as symbols of recognition, until they were banned by Papal edict.

The word ‘tattoo’ was first brought to the English language after Captain Cook’s voyages to Tahiti. Western sailors then began to adopt tattooing.

In the early 19th century, tattooing became very popular with criminals and the working class in Britain and the US; hence the association of tattoos with people on the fringes of society. Tattooing retained a negative image until its recent revival as a mainstream symbol of individuality as well as defiance.

Reasons people get tattoos

There are many reasons why people choose to have a tattoo on their body, including:

  • Cultural reasons – i.e. coming of age or rites of passage
  • To express individuality
  • To indicate membership of a particular group or way of life
  • To make a statement
  • To establish a permanent reminder of an event – such as the death of a loved one
  • To reclaim the body after an event – for example, a sexual assault
  • To make the body more pleasing to their eye
  • To annoy parents?

It seems that getting a tattoo can make someone look like an individual or a conformist, depending on your view. People have been known to get tattoos as an impulsive act, perhaps when they were intoxicated - and they may or may not regret it later when they are sober.

Health risks

Getting a tattoo at an accredited professional tattoo parlour is relatively risk-free, but getting a tattoo still puts you at risk of the following:

  • serious infectious diseases such as hepatitis C, hepatitis B or HIV (which are passed on via infected blood or other body fluids), or tetanus
  • skin infections such as impetigo (‘school sores’)
  • dermatitis
  • flare ups of existing eczema
  • allergic reactions
  • thick scars called keloids (you are more likely to get these if you have dark skin)
  • distress due to regret after the procedure - this has been identified as one of the main problems after getting a tattoo.

More information

Department of Health (South Australia) Public Health Fact Sheet 'Safe practices for tattooing and body piercing'

http://www.health.sa.gov.au/pehs/PDF-files/ph-factsheet-tattoo-piercing.pdf 

Things to consider

Tattooing is a painful process, and tattoos are expensive and so is getting them removed. If you want to have a tattoo removed there will always be a scar.

You need to carefully consider the reasons behind your need to get a tattoo before going through with it. Trends come and go, but a badly chosen tattoo lasts forever, or costs a lot to remove.

If you do decide to get a tattoo, you need to go to a qualified professional. Home-made tattoos, such as those made with Indian ink, should never be considered.

When choosing a tattoo artist you should make sure of the following:

  • that the tattoo parlour uses new sterile equipment for each client, or thoroughly cleans and sterilises equipment (e.g. by using an autoclave)
  • that standard precautions are followed to reduce risks of infections, as used in many places, including hospitals. Can they show you how they keep clients safe?
  • that the tattoo artist has credentials, a licence and references
  • that the tattoo parlour looks clean, safe and professional. You should use your judgment and keep away from a parlour that seems dodgy.

If the tattoo artist is a professional, then he or she will be happy to show you the ways in which their workplace adheres to standard safe practices. If they are uncooperative or give you a hard time because of your requests, simply leave – they do not deserve your trust or your business.

If you get a tattoo

A new tattoo requires some careful attention. A tattoo is an open wound until it heals. Here are some general rules, but make sure you follow the advice of the tattoo artist about how to best care for the area.

  • The artist will usually apply an ointment like those used for nappy rash or another product especially made for tattoos, and then cover it.
  • After an hour or two the tattoo should be washed with warm soapy water, then patted dry with a clean towel. Do not rub over the tattoo. The ointment is lightly applied and the tattoo covered again. This process will need to be repeated daily for about a week.
  • During this time you should not soak your tattoo. This means no pool, seawater or baths, so if you are planning to go swimming maybe you should schedule the tattoo for another time.
  • Do not expose your tattoo to direct sunlight for this period either. After it is healed you need to put sunscreen on it each time you expose it - the sun will drain the colour over time, and the tattooed area could be more susceptible to harmful rays.
  • The tattoo will leak some fluids, become itchy and peel. This is normal, but make sure that you don't scratch the tattoo or pick at the scabs; this could cause damage to the tattoo.
  • If the skin around the tattooed area becomes very red, swollen or tender, this can mean that the area is infected. Go to a doctor, as you might need antibiotic treatment.

Resources

South Australia

  • The Youth Health Service
    - Central: 57 Hyde St, Adelaide
    - South: 50a Beach Rd, Christies Beach
    - North: 6 Gillingham Rd, Elizabeth

References

Attourney General's Department - South Australia
http://www.agd.sa.gov.au/about-agd/what-we-do/initiatives/new-tattooing-piercing-and-body-modification-laws 

Better Health Channel (Victoria) 
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/ 

Kidshealth.org Teen Health 
http://kidshealth.org/teen/

Lawstuff: Legal rights for people under 18 in Australia
http://www.lawstuff.org.au

Littell, A. 'The illustrated self: Construction of meaning through tattoo images and their narratives.' Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: the Sciences & Engineering, 2003; 64(1-B): 424, US: Univ Microfilms International.

Rubio, R. 'Natives of a new skinscape: Tattoos as cultural coding.' Dissertation Abstracts International, Feb 2003; 63(7-A): 2603, US: Univ Microfilms International.

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The information on this site should not be used as an alternative to professional care. If you have a particular problem, see a doctor, or ring the Youth Healthline on 1300 13 17 19 (local call cost from anywhere in South Australia).
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