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child; paralysis; polio; hand; foot; enterovirus; infectious; mouth; ;

    Enteroviruses are the second most common group of viruses that cause illness in humans (the only group that is more common is the group that causes the 'common cold'). Very rarely some children with enterovirus infections will become paralysed (muscles not be able to be moved) after an enterovirus infection.

  • There are many different enteroviruses, which can have different effects. The polio viruses are one group of the enteroviruses.
  • Most people who are infected with an enterovirus are not sick at all.
  • If a person does become sick, the symptoms will usually be either like a mild 'cold' or a flu like illness with fever, muscle aches, or an illness with a rash (like hand, foot and mouth disease).
  • Very rarely, a person may develop an illness that affects the heart or brain or can cause paralysis.

Further reading 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 

South Australian Department for Health and Ageing:
'Enterovirus 71 (EV 71) Infection - symptoms treatment and prevention.'

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