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Immunisation of children

immunise; immunize; immunisation; immunization; vaccine; vaccinate; vaccination; inject; injections; Australia; AIR; register; needles;;


Immunisation is a simple and effective way of protecting children and adults against certain diseases.

  • Immunisation uses the body’s natural defence mechanism – the immune response – to build resistance to infectious diseases.
  • Young children, particularly babies, do not have the well-developed immune system that older children and adults have.  
  • It not only protects individuals who have the immunisation, but also others in our community, by increasing the level of immunity and minimising the spread of disease.

Most vaccinations need to be given several times to build long lasting protection – this is why it is important for children to complete the full recommended schedule of vaccinations at the recommended times.

  • See Vaccines (South Australian Health (SA Health)website) for more information.
  • Sometimes it is possible to ‘catch up’ if the vaccinations are not given on time. 

Not getting the full course of vaccinations can leave a child unprotected and still at risk of getting the disease.

Although many diseases are not as common as they were in the past, particularly in countries like Australia, it is still vitally important for children and adults to be vaccinated to help ensure we do not experience serious disease outbreaks.

Flu vaccination 2018 - 500px

More information Flu vaccine

Childhood Schedule – South Australia – July 2018

To find out what immunisations are needed for babies, children, adolescents and adults in South Australia have a look at the National Immunisation Program Schedule for South Australia. July 2018.

Where can I have my child immunised?

Immunisations can be provided by your doctor, immunisation clinics, local councils, community child health nurses and by some hospitals.

Vaccine side effects

 Vaccines, like any medication can have side effects.

  • Most vaccines can cause mild reactions.
  • If the reaction seems severe or persists and you are concerned, contact your doctor or immunisation provider.
  • If your child becomes obviously unwell it is probable that your child has a different health problem (eg. a cold or other viral infection), and it may be wise to have the child checked by a doctor.

Reactions do not usually last for more than 48 hours, and the following may help to relieve symptoms.

  • Place a cold cloth on the injection site if it is red or swollen (do not place ice directly onto the skin).
  • If the child has a fever or seems in pain, some paracetamol or ibuprofen may help.
  • If the child is not drinking or eating as much as usual, offer some extra drinks (breast milk, formula or water).
  • Many children need extra cuddling and comforting for a day or so.

What is the Australian Immunisation Register (AIR)?

The Australian Immunisation Register (AIR) is a national register that records vaccinations given to people of all ages in Australia. When you or your child is vaccinated, your doctor or immunisation nurse enters the vaccination information onto the Australian Immunisation Register (AIR).

If you have misplaced your child's vaccination details, you can contact the Immunisation Register and request a copy.

Immunisation and family payments

  • Your child has to be up-to-date with immunisations, or have an exemption, so that your family can receive payments such as the Child Care Subsidy.

Immunisation before, during and after pregnancy

Some immunisations, including rubella immunisation, help protect an unborn baby if the mother has the immunisations before she becomes pregnant.

Influenza and whooping cough immunisation can be done during pregnancy. For more information have a look at

and these topics on our Pregnancy Website

More detailed information

Further information is available on the SA (South Australian) Health website:

If you want more information about immunisation, go to the 'Immunise Australia Program' website of the Commonwealth Department of Health. This site also has the Australian Immunisation Handbook, 10th Edition (2017).


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The information on this site should not be used as an alternative to professional care. If you have a particular problem, see a doctor, or ring the Parent Helpline on 1300 364 100 (local call cost from anywhere in South Australia).

This topic may use 'he' and 'she' in turn - please change to suit your child's sex.

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